Let's tell you now what it's about: the miracle formula for the perfect photo does not exist. However, with a few simple tricks, it is possible to considerably improve the nature photos that you will take.
How? Read our few tips below.
Lead the eye in
One of the most effective ways to create a successful composition is to use visual elements that will point the eye towards a specific direction. These guiding elements can be of any kind: lines, curves, progression of shadows. Curves that extend from front to back are particularly useful and allow your audience to immerse themselves in the photography. Other shapes placed in the foreground can lead to an equivalent outcome: a sinuous river can invite the eye to follow the meanders of the water through the frame, whereas a rock will point them in a particular direction. Multiple elements can also more subtly encourage the public to explore your photography: a close-to-the-top or top-down visual progression is often effective.
Find a good background
Backgrounds provide depth of field and are the best way to improve your photography. By providing a benchmark, they also contribute to structure sometimes chaotic landscapes. To enhance a background it is essential that all the elements of your photograph are sharp thanks to a great depth of field. To obtain this aspect, you will need to use a small diaphragm aperture ranging from f16 to f22. Please note however that small apertures allow less light to reach the sensor, thus increasing the risk of blurring. Do not hesitate to use a tripod, or if you can, place your camera on a flat and stable surface.
If you are working with moving water you can create surprising effects by choosing the technique of long exposure. A way to do this is to reduce the shutter speed and set it to two seconds or more. We advise you not to exaggerate the duration of exposure, at the risk of giving a cotton effect to the water and to lose the sensation of movement. As more light reaches your sensor, some setting should be adjusted in order to maintain a correct exposure: use a small aperture or, if light is too high, use a neutral gray filter that will reduce the amount of available light. Long exposure means tripod. Unless you are an ace of immobility, you can not remain absolutely still, even during two small seconds.
Take account of people
A landscape should not necessarily be 100% natural at all times. Human can also be considered in nature photography. So why not include people? A landscape can integrate a young child or a woman running in a field of wild flowers. Use a fast shutter speed (1/125s or ideally 1/250s) if you want to freeze the action, or if you want to capture motion, reduce the speed to 1/30s for example. By integrating a human element, you will also contribute to locate such element in space. People are sometimes small compared to the immensity of some landscapes...
Natural landscapes are one of the favorite subjects of photographers and it is easy to understand why. Traveling, spending hours in contact with nature is a luxury for many of us. Patience (and especially passion) helping, it is often essential to deal with optimum lighting conditions and brightness. Some photographers, therefore, sometimes wait for hours to obtain their dream picture. Even without going as far as this, with time and practice you will be able to develop the knowledge that will allow you to capture the most beautiful moments that the nature has to offer.